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Posts for category: Foot Health

By Foot & Ankle Specialists of Connecticut, P.C
December 07, 2018
Category: Foot Health
Tags: Sesamoid   Sesamoiditis  

What is Sesamoiditis?

Sesamoids are small bones that are only connected to tendons or surrounded in muscle. This only appears in a few places in the body, one of which is the foot. Two very tiny sesamoids are found in the underside of the foot near the big toe. One is on the outer side of the foot and the other bone is close to the middle of the foot. This structure provides a smooth surface for the tendons to slide over, which helps the tendons move muscles. They help with weight bearing and also help to elevate the bones of the big toe. So now that you know what sesamoids are, you might be wondering what sesamoiditis is and what its symptoms are.

Sesamoiditis

Just like any other bone, sesamoids can unfortunately fracture. The tendons surrounding the sesamoids may also become irritated or inflamed and this is what sesamoiditis is. Sesamoiditis is also a form of tendonitis and is a common condition among ballerinas, runners, and baseball catchers due to the pressure that is constantly placed on their feet.

Symptoms of Sesamoiditis

Symptoms of Sesamoiditis may include:

  • Pain under the big toe or ball of the foot
  • Swelling and/or bruising
  • Difficulty in bending and straightening the big toe

Treating Sesamoiditis

Treatments include:

  • Resting and stopping any activity that could be causing pain and inflammation
  • Anti-inflammatories, such as ibuprofen and aspirin only after consulting your physician
  • Icing the sole of the foot
  • Wearing soft-soled and low-heeled shoes
  • Cushioning inserts in the shoes

If symptoms persist after treatments, you may need to wear a removable brace for 4-6 weeks to help the bones heal. Call your podiatrist today to ask any questions about sesamoiditis and get on your way to pain-free feet once again!

By Foot & Ankle Specialists of Connecticut, P.C.
August 16, 2018
Category: Foot Health
Tags: Poor Circulation  

Are you experiencing numbness, tingling, or discolorations in your feet?

Even though poor circulation isn’t a condition, if you are experiencing poor circulation in your feet this is often a symptom of a much larger issue. This is why it’s important to understand the warning signs of poor circulation and when to see a podiatrist, as many of these conditions can be serious or cause further complications to your health.

Causes of Poor Circulation

There are many reasons why someone may have poor circulation. The most common conditions include:

1. Peripheral artery disease (PAD)

This causes poor circulation in the legs due to a narrowing in the arteries and blood vessels. Over time this condition can cause damage to nerves or tissue. While this condition can occur in younger people, particularly smokers, it’s more common for people over 50 years old to develop PAD.

2. Blood Clots

A blood clot causes a block or restriction in blood flow and can develop anywhere in the body. The most common places for a blood clot include the arms or the legs, which can lead to symptoms of poor circulation. In some cases, a blood clot can cause serious complications such as a stroke.

3. Diabetes

While this condition does affect blood sugar levels, it is also known to affect circulation within the body. Those with circulation issues may experience cramping in the legs that may get worse when you are active. Those with diabetic neuropathy may experience nerve damage in the legs and feet, as well as numbness or tingling.

4. Raynaud’s Disease

A less common condition, Raynaud’s disease causes chronic cold fingers and feet due to the narrowing of the arteries in the hands and toes. Since these arteries are narrow it’s more difficult for blood to flow to these areas, leading to poor circulation. Of course, you may experience these symptoms in other parts of the body besides your toes or fingers, such as your nose, ears, or lips.

Warning Signs of Poor Circulation

You may be experiencing poor circulation in your feet if you are experiencing these symptoms:

  • Numbness
  • Pain that may radiate into the limbs
  • Tingling (a “pins and needles” sensation)
  • Muscle cramping

If you are experiencing symptoms of poor circulation that don’t go away it’s best to play it safe rather than sorry and turn to a podiatric specialist who can provide a proper diagnosis and determine the best approach for improving circulation. Don’t ignore this issue.

By Foot & Ankle Specialists of Connecticut, P.C.
May 29, 2018
Category: Foot Health
Tags: Arthritis  

Arthritis painFor some time now, your feet feel stiff when you rise in the morning. Your mother had arthritis in her feet and ankles. Could this be happening to you? Find out with a podiatric examination at Foot & Ankle Specialists of Connecticut. Dr. Joseph Treadwell, Dr. Christian Davis, and Dr. Rihamary Jimenez treat a variety of lower extremity conditions and injuries. These Plainville, Danbury, and New Milford, CT, podiatrists help people just like you manage their arthritis symptoms and lead active, fulfilling lives.

Afflicting millions

Yes, millions of Americans suffer from either osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis. Basically, osteoarthritis is related to age (over 50) and obesity. In fact, the Arthritis Foundation says that 47 percent of people with body weight issues have this type of arthritis.

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is related to inflammation and fluid build-up in the joints. Unlike osteoarthritis, RA is autoimmune. In other words, the human body actually declares war on its own connective tissues in the joints.

With both kinds of arthritis, carefully devised treatment plans help patients manage their symptoms. In the realm of foot and ankle health, your podiatrists in Plainville, Danbury, and New Milford employ a variety of treatment modalities, many of which are simple and non-invasive. While your professional team at Foot & Ankle Specialists of Connecticut uses surgery to help some arthritic individuals (with reconstruction of the foot or ankle, for example), a common sense, lifestyle modification approach is usually their first choice.

Symptoms of arthritis in the feet

You already may be familiar with the symptoms of arthritis. They include:

  • Pain
  • Redness and a burning sensation in the joints
  • Stiffness, particularly in the morning
  • Inflammation
  • Fluid accumulation
  • Difficulties with gait and balance

When you see your podiatrist, he or she will examine your feet and take X-rays and/or Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). These diagnostics, along with a review or your symptoms, will tell your foot doctor how best to proceed.

Caring for your feet

Elements common to an arthritis treatment plan are:

  1. Exercise and physical therapy, including very specific stretching exercises
  2. Wearing well-supportive shoes with wide toe boxes
  3. Using shoe padding to cushion areas of friction
  4. Wearing customized shoe inserts to correct gait problems
  5. Maintaining an optimal body weight
  6. Cortisone injections

You may come to Foot & Ankle Specialists of Connecticut periodically to work with your foot doctor in tracking your progress and in modifying your treatment plan as needed.

Get on your feet

Manage your arthritis. You can with expert and compassionate help from Dr. Treadwell, Dr. Davis, and Dr. Jimenez at Foot & Ankle Specialists of Connecticut. To arrange a consultation, call one of our three convenient offices. In Plainville, call (860) 747-2200. For Danbury, phone (203) 748-2220, and in New Milford, phone (860) 355-3139.

By Foot & Ankle Specialists of Connecticut, P.C.
March 16, 2018
Category: Foot Health

Children's FeetLike adults, children and adolescents can experience a variety of foot and ankle problems. Many foot problems, such as flat foot, are congenital, while problems like heel pain are usually the result of an injury.  

Due to your child’s rapidly growing bones and tendons, many symptoms associated with foot and ankle problems can go unnoticed. For this reason, it is important parents pay attention to even subtle symptoms. Thorough, regular exams of your child's feet by a podiatrist may detect an underlying defect or condition and help minimize problems later in life.

Common Foot Problems

Children can experience a variety of foot problems, many of which go away as the child’s feet become more developed. This includes pigeon toes, flat feet and knock knees. In most cases, these congenital foot and leg problems do not require any medical intervention. 

Plantar Warts

Plantar warts are common in children, especially during warm months when kids are more likely to walk barefoot.  Forming on the bottom of the feet, these warts are caused by a virus that enters the skin, most often in public areas such as pools or locker rooms.  The condition can be very uncomfortable — like walking on a small pebble or stone — but is also highly preventable and treatable.

Ankle Sprains

Ankle sprains are very common foot injuries for active kids, especially those who participate in sports. Sprains occur when the ligaments supporting the ankle are stretched or torn. Mild ankle sprains heal with treatment, while severe tearing may require more extensive care, including extended immobilization followed by physical therapy. As a general rule, rest, ice, compress and elevate the child’s ankle immediately following the injury.

Ingrown Toenails

Ingrown toenails occur when one or both sides of the nail begin to break through and grow into the soft skin of the toe. This can lead to painful irritation and infection. Common causes of ingrown toenails include poorly fitting footwear, toe injuries or poor nail trimming. Caught early, a child’s ingrown toenail can be treated at home, but if the pain persists or the condition worsens, treatment by a podiatrist is necessary to eliminate the infection.

Choose Proper Footwear

Many pre-existing foot conditions can be relieved and new problems prevented by simply ensuring your child is wearing proper shoes. Shoes that are too tight can cause blisters, calluses and corns on the toes and heels. Ingrown toenails can also develop and become infected. A child’s feet are constantly growing and developing, so it may be necessary to change shoe size every few months. Additionally, shoes have a tendency to lose proper cushioning and arch support over time. Footwear that shows a lack of shock absorption or wear and tear should also be replaced to reduce the risk for injuries.  

If you notice your child limping, constantly rubbing their feet, tripping frequently or consistently complaining of foot pain, then have them examined by your podiatrist or physician. Many problems can be easily identified and treated, and early intervention is the key.

By Foot & Ankle Specialists of Connecticut, P.C.
October 13, 2017
Category: Foot Health
Tags: foot pain   Turf Toe  

Turf toe is a sprain of the joint just below the big toe, also known as the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint. This foot injury is particularly common among athletes who play on artificial turf, hence the name “turf” toe. When athletes play sports on turf or other hard surfaces, the foot can stick to the ground, resulting in jamming of the big toe joint.

Typically the injury is sudden, but it can also occur after sustaining multiple injuries, such as pushing off repeatedly when running or jumping. Although it’s a condition most commonly associated with dancers, soccer players, wrestlers, gymnasts and football players, you don’t have to be an athlete to get it.

Symptoms of turf toe range from mild to severe, and may gradually worsen with continued movement. The most common symptoms of turf toe include:

  • Swelling and pain at the joint of the big toe

  • Pain and tenderness when bending the toe

  • Stiffness and limited movement of the big toe joint

If your symptoms are indicative of turf toe, then you may be able to relieve the pain and swelling with the following self-treatment, including:

  • Ice the injury

  • Apply a compression bandage

  • Rest and temporarily discontinue any physical activity

  • Wear a brace to protect the toe and to limit bending

For more severe cases of turf toe, visit our office for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan. A podiatrist can easily diagnose turf toe through an evaluation that includes a range of motion and joint stability tests.

Professional treatment may include exercises to strengthen the toe, modified footwear or splinting. With proper treatment, you can eliminate pain resulting from turf toe and return to your favorite sport or activity!